Diana Baumrind & Parenting Styles
As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Already registered? Login here for access. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Login or Sign up. What kind of parent do you think you'll be? Will you be strict? Will your kids have an early curfew? Or will you be a more lax parent, allowing candy and television before bed?
Psychologists have actually put a lot of thought into these questions, as different parenting styles affect children in different ways. Diana Baumrind is one of those psychologists, as well as one of the most well-known researchers on parenting styles.
She earned a Doctor of Philosophy Ph. In the s, Baumrind developed her Pillar Theorywhich draws relationships between basic parenting styles and children's behavior. See if you recognize your parents in any of Baumrind's styles of parenting. Before we get to the parenting styles, however, do you remember the tale of Goldilocks and the Three Bears? In the story, Goldilocks tries a few different porridges, deeming one too hot, one too cold and one just right.
Okay, this might seem like a totally random point to bring up, but hang on. Baumrind actually distinguished bach prelude in c major sheet music parenting styles by identifying one as too hard, one as too soft and one as just right. After studying how children and parents relate in the home, Baumrind came up with three major parenting styles:. Let's go into a little bit more depth.
Authoritarian parenting is a style of child rearing that is very demanding and rigid. Authoritarian parents are extremely strict and expect their orders to be obeyed.
Think of the popular image of an army drill sergeant. Authoritarian parents expect their rules to be followed unquestioningly. Abusive parents almost always fall into this category. That said, Baumrind did not believe that all authoritarian parents are abusive. Authoritarian parents show low levels of warmth or responsiveness, meaning they are not very attentive to children's needs. They also tend to punish their children by withholding love and affection from them when they do wrong.
On the opposite end of the spectrum is the permissive parentor a parent who is not strict at all. Contrary to the authoritarian parent, the permissive parent is extremely responsive to a child's needs and does not enforce many rules or punishments. The term spoiled is often used to describe baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf children of permissive parents. Permissive parents tend not to impose guidelines or limits on their children and are very warm and loving.
Nor do they expect their children to be very responsible. Permissive baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf tend not to portray themselves as authority figures. Finally, an authoritative parenting style is characterized by a combination of expectations and warmth. Authoritative parents present themselves as authority figures and expect their children to behave but they are also caring, loving and responsive. Authoritative parents might punish their children if they misbehave. However, they're also more likely to talk about the meaning of the punishment and how the child can baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf behavior going forward.
Authoritative parents are more open communicators than authoritarian parents. So, what does all this mean? Is one style better than the other? According to psychological research, yes. Authoritative parents have been shown to raise the best-behaved and most well-adjusted children. While some of us may think permissive parents are fun parents, some research indicates that they baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf allow their children to watch too much television or eat too many unhealthy foods.
Softnas a result, there may also be a link between permissive parenting and unhealthy weight in children, such as those who have few rules and are largely in charge of themselves. Children of authoritarian parents may appear capable and obedient on a superficial level. However, they may also be fearful, less happy and lack self-esteem and social skills. Diana Baumrinda developmental psychologist, is best known for her theories on parenting styles.
Baumrind was curious about how different kinds of parents might raise their children and how it might affect kids. Baumrind distinguished among authoritarianor very strict parents, permissive parentsor very lenient parents, and authoritative parentsor parents baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf combine just the right level of discipline and warmth.
Mouthful of forevers epub different styles yield different kinds of people, and it's widely agreed that the authoritative style is the best approach. Now, do you think you're ready to enforce the rules in your house, or let the kids run the show?
Diana Baumrind - a psychologist who is one of the most well-known researchers on parenting styles. Pillar Theory - theory developed by Baumrind in the s; draws relationships between basic parenting styles and children's behavior.
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Add to Add to Add to. Want to watch this again later? Create an account. Parenting Styles: Parent-Child Relationships: Jerome Kagan's Research on Temperament in Toddlers. Stanley Schachter: Sandra Bem: Perspectives on Morality: Gustav Fechner: David Wechsler on Intelligence, Overview. James Marcia's Identity Theory: Understanding Adolescents' Search For Identity. Bioecological Model: Stanley Hall: Elkind's Theory of Adolescent Egocentrism.
This is a collection of resources to help you teach about Diana Baumrind's observed Parenting Styles. Here you will find: You may request a single copy of a page PDF file of the original article by sending a short note to teach devpsy. First paper where prototypes are published: Baumrind, D. Second, and most often cited, paper with extensive discussion of parenting styles: Child care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior.
Genetic Psychology Monographs, 75 1 The permissive parent attempts to behave in a nonpunitive, acceptant and affirmative manner towards the child's impulses, desires, and actions. She [the parent] consults with him [the child] about policy decisions and gives explanations for family rules. She makes few demands for household responsibility and orderly behavior. She presents herself to the child as a resource for him to use as he wishes, not as an ideal for him to emulate, nor as an active agent responsible for shaping or altering his ongoing or future behavior.
She allows the child to regulate his own activities as much as possible, avoids the exercise of control, and does not encourage him to obey externally defined standards.
She attempts to use reason and manipulation, but not overt power to accomplish her ends p. The authoritarian parent attempts to shape, control, and evaluate the behavior and attitudes of the child in accordance with a set standard of conduct, usually an absolute standard, theologically motivated and formulated by a higher authority.
She [the parent] values obedience as a virtue and favors punitive, forceful measures to curb self-will at points where the child's actions or beliefs conflict with what she thinks is right conduct. She believes in keeping the child in his place,in restricting his autonomy, and in assigning household responsibilities in order to inculcate respect for work.
She regards the preservation of order and traditional structure as a highly valued end in itself. She does not encourage verbal give and take, believing that the child should accept her word for what is right p. The authoritative parent attempts to direct the child's activities but in a rational, issue-oriented manner. She [the parent] encourages verbal give and take, shares with the child the reasoning behind her policy, and solicits his objections when he refuses to conform.
Both autonomous self-will and disciplined conformity are valued. Therefore she exerts firm control at points of parent-child divergence, but does not hem the child in with restrictions. She enforces her own perspective as an adult, but recognizes the child's individual interests and special ways. The authoritative parent affirms the child's present qualities, but also sets standards for future conduct.
She uses reason, power, and baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf by regime and reinforcement to achieve her objectives, and does not base her decisions on group consensus or the individual child's desires. Control that appears fair and reasonable i. Nurturing parents who are secure in the standards they hold for their children provide models of caring concern as well as confident, self-controlled behavior.
A child's modeling of these parents provides emotion regulation skills, emotional understanding, and social understanding. Parents who combine warmth and rational and reasonable control are likely to be more effective reinforcing agents. They praise children for striving to meet their expectations and making good use of disapproval, which works best when applied by an adult who has been warm and caring.
Authoritative parents make demands that fit with children's ability to take responsibility for their own behavior. Children subsequently learn that they are competent individuals who can do things successfully for themselves.
This fosters high self-esteem, cognitive development, and emotional maturity. Lesson Plan Excerpt: The fourth parenting style Sorry I haven't had a chance to prepare this section yet. Right now my priority need to be completing my dissertation.
I hope to prepare this lesson plan excerpt in the summer. Here is an outline. The basic idea is that you ask students to draw up diagrams for how the parenting styles relate. That might baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf obtuse to students so you can start them baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf by suggesting a model: Then say your model is that each of three styles is completely distinct from the others. That should spark on some discussion which typically leads to a "line" model where authoritative is a kind of middle point between the other two.
Further debate possibly needing your nudge should bring out that you really need to distinct i. From there you can get the standard two-by-two matrix and fill in the reminaining style.
Then explain previous research about this. Sorry Baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf haven't had a chance to prepare baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf section yet. As the instructor, you role-play the adolescent child and the class plays the 'parents'. Set up the scenario where the parent asks a child to do a chore. The child says "no. Then ask for authoritarian parenting responses. This is typically very easy for students to do.
If you keep your demeanor relaxed and repond with humor, students end up laughing as the model these scenarios. Finally ask for linksmiausi video parenting repsponses. These role-playing tasks are pretty easy and essentially review the basic ideas for students.
When you reach authoritative parenting, baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf will probably have difficulty. Most will drift into permissive parenting styles. A typical authoritative solution is to acknowledge the child's feelings, still assert a parenting role to insure the chore is done now, and arrange to work on issue for the future. Please wash the dishes now. We'll talk about chores as a family tonight after dinner.
Here is a place to note how you can have high control and a high level of empathy. A second point to mention when students are having trouble is the difference between 'hot' and 'cold' cognition.
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She holds a journalism degree from Medill and a B. Diana Baumrind is a leading clinical and developmental psychologist whose work on parenting styles is groundbreaking, even decades after she published herand studies on the effects that different parenting styles have on child rearing. Mistrustful and unhappy baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf had controlling and nonnurturing parents.
Self-reliant and happy preschoolers had demanding but nurturing and communicative parents. Immature and dependent preschoolers had warm parents who did not set limits. On this basis, Baumrind developed the authoritarian, authoritative and permissive parenting styles. A child must do as he is told. The effect of this tends to produce children who aren't sure of themselves and who have difficulty completing tasks.
These children might be difficult, might withdraw socially and might not form trusting relationships easily. Nevid, Baumrind notes that teen boys of authoritarian parents are likely to do poorly in school, lack initiative and might be unfriendly toward peers. Like the authoritarian parent, the authoritative parent sets high expectations. These parents are flexible. They listen and give advice. Nevid notes that Baumrind stated that children of authoritative parenting are the most likely of the three styles to have positive outcomes.
These children are self-reliant, have high self-esteem and are popular with their peers. Authoritative parents encourage their children to be independent and assertive, while also being respectful of others. These parents rely on reason, not force. They explain the rules and they listen to their children, and they set reasonable expectations.
What the authoritative style has in common with authoritarian parenting mp3 tagalog love songs that both are high in setting limits and in their expectations of mature behavior. Where the two differ is in their discipline styles, communication and warmth. Authoritarian parents are forceful, but authoritative parents are reasonable. Authoritative parents communicate warmth; authoritarian parents do not. Permissive parents offer plenty of warmth but don't set limits.
They let their child do as he pleases, and these children might grow up without understanding that society will impose limits on their baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf. Baumrind was able to observe preschoolers in their natural setting -- in preschool -- and the children were of an age that rendered them unlikely to alter their genuine, instinctive reactions. Baumrind cautions against trying to apply this framework to children raised baumrinds theory of parenting styles pdf parents raised in other cultures, where authoritarian parenting might be the norm.
In her original study, she noted that in the U. Kathryn Esplin. The authoritative parenting style is the most likely to produce happy, well-adjusted children. APA PsychNet: American Psychological Association: Jeffrey S. Nevid; Houghton Mifflin Co. Diana Baumrind; UC-Berkeley.